Blotchy Skin & Uneven Skin Tone

Blotchy Skin Explained

Blotchy Skin Explained

Blotchiness and uneven skin tone can be due to many factors including sun exposure and heredity. You may see red, white or dark patches on your skin. These blotchy patches of skin may become more visible when dead surface skin is not regularly exfoliated.

Quick and Long-Term Fixes for Blotchy Skin

While blotchy skin can be caused by a number of factors you cannot control, including heredity, there are also factors that you can manage, such as sun damage.

Melasma is a medical term for blotchy, dark-colored patches that appear on your skin.

Your skin speeds up the production of skin cells called melanocytes to protect against sunlight. These melanocyte cells generate melanin, which is what causes your skin to tan in the sun. Unfortunately, sometimes the sun causes the melanocytes to increase unevenly, which can then result in darker and lighter patches of skin.1 The good news is that there are a number of ways to reduce the appearance of blotchy skin, and help prevent the dark patches from recurring or worsening.

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One of the easiest and quickest solutions is to regularly exfoliate your skin with products containing alpha or beta hydroxy acids. This allows the dead skin cells that have accumulated on the surface to be loosened and swept away, thereby stimulating the growth of new, more evenly colored skin.2 Exfoliating also provides a smooth foundation on which to apply makeup and concealers to help mask blotchy skin.

Chemical peels, microdermabrasion, and bleaching creams may also be helpful. However, be sure you talk to your dermatologist first, since some of these approaches may irritate your skin or even make the blotchiness worsen.

The most important thing is to keep your sun exposure to a minimum. Always apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen or daily moisturizer with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15. If you want the glow of tanned-looking skin, try a sunless tanning product.

Remember that it took time for dots, spots, blotches and uneven skin tone to appear, so be patient when pursuing a solution. With vigilant sun protection, an effective skin care routine, and smart cosmetic choices, time can also help you improve the look of blotchy skin.

We recommend that you consult your dermatologist or physician for proper diagnosis and treatment.

  1. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research.
    http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sun-damage/SN00021&slide=2
  2. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research.
    http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/wrinkle-creams/SN00010